Ayurveda is a holistic traditional system of medicine from India which considers the human being as a combination of body, mind and soul. Ayurveda has been practiced nonstop for 4,000 years, mainly in the area that we currently know as India, despite the repression it suffered during the British colonial period. Outside these borders, it is recognised officially by various countries including Australia, Italy, Germany and Great Britain, amongst others. It is also recognised by the World Health Organisation as the oldest medical science known to humankind, older even than Chinese medicine.
Ayurveda means “Science of Life” in Sanskrit. This science is based, according to its cosmologic theory, in three principles – tridosha- that apply to every living being. These principles – doshas – are: Vata, Pitta y Kapha, and they govern all physical, mental and spiritual functions. According to Hindu philosophy, tridosha is composed of five basic elements (ether, air, fire, water and earth). When these elements are well balanced and in harmony our organism is also balanced. From the moment we are conceived, each one of us possesses a basic constitution –prakruti- which fits the characteristics of one or more doshas.
It is important to maintain an ideal state of balance as this strengthens our own natural resilience to disease and therefore increases our vitality. If we live in equilibrium, our body is healthy. In order to achieve this and prevent illness, ayurvedic medicine recommends, through a series of daily and seasonal routines, a balanced diet, moderate exercise, hygiene, meditation, oleation, stress-free work and limitless happiness.